United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization known for short as UNESCO has inscribed two Indian sites as World Heritage Sites on Tuesday.
The two sites added this year are the inscriptions of the Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple, Telangana and Dholavira: A Harrapan City, Gujarat.
The ancient Harappan city of Dolavira is situated in present-day Gujarat was a part of the greater Indus Valley Civilisation and Unesco said Dholavira’s water management system, multi-layered defensive mechanisms, extensive use of stone in construction and special burial structures set the ancient city apart from other cultural sites.
It is the 4th site from Gujarat, 40th from India and first from the Indus Valley Civilisation to get the tag. UNESCO World Heritage Committee said in a release that it is “one of the most remarkable and well-preserved urban settlements in South Asia dating from the 3rd to mid-2nd millennium BCE.”
“Discovered in 1968, the site is set apart by its unique characteristics, such as its water management system, multi-layered defensive mechanisms, extensive use of stone in construction and special burial structures,” it added.
After Mohen-jo-Daro, Ganweriwala and Harappa in modern-day Pakistan and Rakhigarhi in Haryana of India, Dholavira is the fifth largest city of the Indus Valley Civilisation to be discovered. Unlike many other Harappan sites which had mud bricks, Dholavira has a fortified citadel, a middle town and a lower town with walls made of sandstone or limestone.
PM Modi also shared his delight at the news of Dholavira getting the tag and shared pictures of his trip to the site when he was the CM of Gujarat and tweeted, “Dholavira was an important urban centre and is one of our most important linkages with our past. It is a must-visit, especially for those interested in history, culture and archaeology. Absolutely delighted by this news.”
The other site added is the Ramappa Temple(Rudreshwara) and is located in the village of Palampet in Telangana. It is a Shiva temple in a walled complex built during the Kakatiyan period (1123–1323 CE) and the thing unique about the temple is the distinctive Vimana of the temple is made of lightweight porous ‘floating bricks,’ which reduced the weight of the roof structures.
Unesco said, “The building features decorated beams and the temple’s magnificent sculptures illustrate regional dance customs and Kakatiyan culture. The site is located close to the Ramappa Cheruvu, a Kakatiya-built water reservoir, placing it in a unique natural setting of the surrounding forested areas and agricultural lands.”
UNESCO has said that the two newly inscribed World Heritage Sites offer great insight into the knowledge and ways of life of earlier societies, customs, and communities.
UNESCO is an organisation under the United Nations and seeks to encourage the identification, protection, and preservation of cultural and natural heritage around the world considered to be of outstanding value to humanity.