Reproductive technology surrounds all present-day and foresees the uses of technology in human and animals reproduction. It is also known as “Assisted Reproductive Technology,” where it demands an arrangement of appliances and methods that allow safe, refine, and healthier reproduction. At the same time, this is not accurate in all men and women. Normally in a married couple, the potential to conceive children is vital high. But because of this new reproductive technology, even infertile couples have provided options that would enable them to have children.
Assisted Reproductive Technology is the use of reproductive technology to treat infertility. The innate procedure of reproduction has now considered as one of many technologies nowadays. Several couples do not possess the potential of conceiving a newborn on their own because of infertility and therefore must apply for these technologies. The principal issue for infertility is due to the act up of hormones. Currently, Assisted Reproductive Technology is the only form of the uterus.
ART includes various methods, but here we are going to talk about the most popular procedures:-
- In Vitro Fertilization
IVF is a method of fertilization where an ovum is merged with sperm outside the body, in the glass. The method includes observation and invigorating a person’s ovulatory process, detaching ova from their ovaries, and letting sperm fertilize them in a natural-like medium in a laboratory. Following that, the fertilized ovum goes through embryo culture for 2-6 days. It is embedded in the same or other person’s uterus, to set up a flourishing pregnancy.
Cloning is the method of generating individuals with similar or virtually similar DNA, naturally or artificially. This process in biotechnology indicates the technique of making clones of organisms or DNA fragments. Several organisms also create their clones through asexual reproduction.
- Fertility Medications
Fertility medications are also popular with the name fertility drugs. These are the medication which improves the reproductive fertility. For women, fertility medication is used to restoring follicle development of the ovary. There are few fertility cures available for men. Agents that enrich ovarian pursuit can be explained as either gonadotropin-releasing hormone, estrogen antagonist, or gonadotropins.
- Hormone Therapy
Hormone Therapy is also known as hormonal therapy. This therapy is the use of hormones in medical treatment. The most common categories of hormone therapy oncologic hormone therapy, hormone replacing therapy. Oral contraceptive pills, transgender hormone therapy, and androgen replacement therapy.